美联储延续陈词滥调投资者败兴而归
  • Vote Up0Vote Down jasonchenjasonchen March 2013
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    美联储政策声明一如预期,政策声明称,虽然经济恢复温和成长,就业市场状况显示改善迹象,但失业率仍处于高位,因此只要失业率高于6.5%且通胀受控就将维持宽松政策不变。美联储主席伯南克(BenBernanke)在讲话中维持了其一贯的宽松论调,他认为美联储购债风险可控,并且只有各项经济指标持续改善才会考虑调整购债规模。

      美联储政策声明及伯南克讲话均毫无新意,除美元/日元出现明显的上扬行情外汇市反应较为平淡,美元指数盘中短暂下挫后便即震荡走升,时段内汇价并未突破其日内交投区间。

      政策声明宽松措辞强硬

      根据美联储公开市场委员会(FOMC)自12月会议以来获得的信息显示,美国经济活动近几个月出现停滞,大部分受天气等暂时性因素影响。就业继续温和扩张,但失业率仍处于高位水平。家庭支出和企业固定投资录得增加,房产市场进一步显露改善迹象。通胀一直略低于美联储较长期目标水准,较长期通胀预期保持稳定。

      为促进经济更强劲复苏,并帮助确保通胀随着时间的推移达致与目标最一致的水准,委员会将继续以每月400亿美元的进度购买机构抵押支持证券(MBS),以及以每月450亿美元的进度购买较长期国债。委员会维持把所持机构债和机构MBS回笼本金再投资到机构MBS的现有政策,以及通过标购继续延长所持国债年期。上述措施,应会对较长期利率构成下压,支持抵押贷款市场,并扶助更广泛金融市场环境更为宽松。

      为支持向就业最大化和物价稳定的目标继续前进,委员会预计在购买资产计划结束和经济复苏强化后的一段长时间内保持高度宽松货币政策立场仍是合适的。因此,委员会还决定维持联邦基金利率目标在0-0.25%的区间不变,且目前预计至少只要失业率仍在6.5%之上,通胀一两年内不超过2.5%以及较长期通胀预期仍良好受控,这一水平将是合适的。为决定维持高度宽松货币政策多久,委员会还将考虑其他信息,包括其他就业市场状况数据、通胀压力指标和通胀预期,以及金融市场发展读数。在委员会决定开始撤走宽松政策时,将采取符合就业最大化和通胀2%较长期目标的均衡措施。

      伯南克尽显鸽派作风

      美联储(Fed)主席伯南克(BenBernanke)称,就业市场呈现改善的迹象,长期通胀预期保持稳定,多数FOMC委员认为资产购买正为经济提供有力支撑,购买资产旨在增强短期经济动能,本次会议对购买资产的风险和成本做了一次彻底的讨论,委员会的结论是风险是可以控制的,跨个一个或多个政策门槛将不会自动导致升息。

      伯南克称,我们预计经济不会出现异常强劲增长,但FOMC失业率预估值自9月后已明显降低,刺激措施的一个工具可以是再进一步降低失业率门槛,因人口趋势,对短期内就业人口参与率上升持怀疑态度。

      他表示,我们看到就业市场出现改善,必须确保这不是暂时性的就业市场改善,将利用模型以及就业市场状况的其他指标来对购债水准作出良好估计。

      FOMC将把资产购买的进展和经济指标挂钩,美联储可能会改变资产购买的速度,可以逐月调整购买进度,以校准所提供的宽松政策规模,但可能不会在每次会议上都做出调整,将希望看到就业人口,失业率,初期失业金等数据持续改善,此外,无法给出购买资产的量化门槛,因风险评估是复杂的。随着在达到明显改变的目标上取得进展,可以对购买资产作出调整,但只有在情况出现明显改善时,才会调整资产购买。

      机构:政策会议毫无意外

      苏格兰皇家银行资本市场(RBCCAPITAL MARKETS)首席经济学家TOMPORCELLI称,“非常乏味的声明,调整非常小,没有意外。经济增长方面,他们调低了GDP成长预估区间的高端,因考虑到自动减支造成的拖累。 在失业率预期方面,美联储根据近期的数据小幅调降了失业率预期。伯南克继续表示,经济面临的下档风险足以促使美联储保持宽松货币政策。 今日的声明对市场的影响中性。”

      EATONVANCE MANAGEMENT全球固定收益部分联席董事ERICSTEIN指出,“美联储对通胀的立场仍十分温和,且我预计他们不会很快撤走宽松政策。”

      他指出 ,“美联储的声明基本没有改变。有关就业市场的措辞基调较上次声明略微乐观。对今年的成长预期有所降低,这与美联储所说的财政政策的局限性有所增加相一致。资产市场对声明的反应非常有限。10年期公债收益率上扬约1个基点。”

      PIONEERINVESTMENTS的汇市策略部主管PARESHUPADHYAYA称,“美联储的声明显示出经济增长正在加速的迹象,紧接着他们又说财政政策的局限性加大,因此,对成长的预期更趋谨慎。当我看到美联储发布的预期时,最突出的一点是他们调降了今明两年的失业率预期,小幅调降了成长预期,并下调了通胀预期。但失业率预期仍未达到6.5%的门槛。因此,看起来尚不具备促使美联储提前开始政策收紧周期的动力。 ”

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2013/3/20

      利率动向

      委员会还决定维持联邦基金利率目标在0-0.25%的区间不变,且目前预计至少只要失业率仍在6.5%之上,通胀一两年内预计不超过2.5%以及较长期通胀预期仍良好受控,这一水平将是合适的。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:联邦公开市场委员会(FOMC)自1月会议以来获得的信息显示,在去年年底停滞后,经济恢复温和成长。近几个月,就业市场状况显示改善迹象,但失业率仍处于高位。家庭支出和企业固定投资增加,楼市进一步增强,但财政政策变得略显限制性。

      

      通货膨胀:通胀一直略低于委员会的较长期目标水准之下,除了临时受到主要是反映能源价格波动的变数影响。较长期通胀预期保持稳定。

      继续推行无限量QE3:委员会决定将继续透过按每月400亿美元的进度购买机构抵押支持债券(MBS),以及以每月450亿美元的进度购买较长期国债。委员会维持把所持机构债和机构MBS回笼本金再投资到机构MBS的现有政策,以及通过标购继续延长所持国债年期。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in January suggests a return to moderate economic growth following apause late last year.Labor market conditions have shown signs ofimprovement in recent months but the unemployment rate remainselevated.Household spending and business fixed investment advanced,and the housing sector has strengthened further, but fiscal policy has becomesomewhat more restrictive.

      

      Inflation: Inflation has been running somewhat below the Committee'slonger-run objective, apart from temporary variations that largely reflectfluctuations in energy prices.Longer-term inflation expectations haveremained stable.

      

      Purchasingadditional MBS: Tosupport a stronger economic recovery and to help ensure that inflation, overtime, is at the rate most consistent with its dual mandate, the Committeedecided to continue purchasing additional agency mortgage-backed securitiesat a pace of $40 billion per month and longer-term Treasury securities at apace of $45 billion per month.

      备注提示

      堪萨斯联储主席乔治(EstherGeorge)担忧继续高度宽松的货币政策会增加未来经济和金融失衡的风险,并可能随着时间推高长期通胀预期。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2012/12/12

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,FOMC预期2015年中期前不会触及所设的失业率门槛,委员会相信将需要在达到全面就业前撤走高度宽松政策立场,但达到门槛之前不会自动触发宽松政策的减少。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:根据美联储公开市场委员会今年10月政策会议后获得的信息,美国经济活动和就业在近几个月持续以温和的速度扩张,尽管受到恶劣天气状况的影响。尽管夏季以来,失业率录得部分下滑,但仍处于较高水平。家庭支出继续处于扩张势头,房产市场继续显示改善迹象。但商业固定投资增长放缓。

      通货膨胀:通胀一直在略低于委员会较长期目标水准之下,除了临时受到主要是反映能源价格波动的变数影响。较长期通胀预期保持稳定。

      推出QE4:委员会将继续透过按每月400亿美元的进度购买机构抵押支持债券(MBS)。委员会还将在延长所持证券平均年期计划年底完成后,购买较长期国债,初步进度为每月450亿美元。委员会维持把所持机构债和机构MBS回笼本金再投资到机构MBS的现有政策,且在1月将通过标购继续延长所持国债久期。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in October suggests that economic activity and employment have continuedto expand at a moderate pace in recent months, apart from weather-relateddisruptions.Although the unemployment rate has declined somewhat sincethe summer, it remains elevated. Household spending has continued to advance,and the housing sector has shown further signs of improvement, but growth inbusiness fixed investment has slowed.

      Inflation: Inflation has been running somewhat below the Committee'slonger-run objective, apart from temporary variations that largely reflectfluctuations in energy prices. Longer-term inflation expectations haveremained stable.

      AnnouncingQE4: Tosupport a stronger economic recovery and to help ensure that inflation, overtime, is at the rate most consistent with its dual mandate, the Committeewill continue purchasing additional agency mortgage-backed securities at apace of $40 billion per month.

      备注提示

      里奇蒙德联储主席莱克反对进一步购买资产和延长低利率承诺。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2012/10/24

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2015年末维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:美国经济在近几个月持续以温和的速度扩张,就业增长近几个月放缓,失业率仍然高企。家庭支出继续处于扩张势头,且扩张速度略有提高,但设备和软件的商业投资出现放缓。与此同时,尽管出现改善,但房产市场依然疲惫不堪。与此同时,尽管出现改善,但房产市场依然疲惫不堪。

      

      通货膨胀:近几个月通胀有所上升,主要归因于能源价格的走高,较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      继续推行无限量QE3:委员会将继续以每月400亿美元的进度进一步购买抵押贷款支持证券(MBS)。委员会将继续采取适宜政策行动,直至就业市场及整体经济形势改善。委员会还决定维持目前的将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。美联储还将例行检讨所持证券仓位规模和组成,准备在适当的情况下作出调整。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in September suggests that economic activity has continued to expand at amoderate pace in recent months. Growth in employment has been slow, and theunemployment rate remains elevated. Household spending has advanced a bitmore quickly, but growth in business fixed investment has slowed. The housingsector has shown some further signs of improvement, albeit from a depressedlevel.

      

      Inflation: Inflation recently picked up somewhat, reflecting higherenergy prices. Longer-term inflation expectations have remained stable.

      

      Purchasingadditional MBS: Tosupport a stronger economic recovery and to help ensure that inflation, overtime, is at the rate most consistent with its dual mandate, the Committeeagreed today to increase policy accommodation by purchasing additional agencymortgage-backed securities at a pace of $40 billion per month.

      备注提示

      里奇蒙德联储主席莱克反对进一步购买资产和延长低利率承诺。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2012/9/13

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2015年末维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:美国经济在近几个月持续以温和的速度扩张,就业增长近几个月放缓,失业率仍然高企。家庭支出继续处于扩张势头,但设备和软件的商业投资出现放缓。与此同时,尽管出现改善,但房产市场依然疲惫不堪。

      

      通货膨胀:此外,近几个月通胀有所下滑,尽管商品价格有所上扬,同时较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      推出无限量QE3:委员会决定以每月400亿美元的进度进一步购买抵押贷款支持证券(MBS)。委员会将继续采取适宜政策行动,直至就业市场及整体经济形势改善。委员会还决定维持目前的将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。美联储还将例行检讨所持证券仓位规模和组成,准备在适当的情况下作出调整。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in August suggests that economic activity has continued to expand at amoderate pace in recent months.Growth in employment has been slow, andthe unemployment rate remains elevated. Household spending has continued toadvance, but growth in business fixed investment appears to have slowed. Thehousing sector has shown some further signs of improvement, albeit from adepressed level.

      

      Inflation: Inflation has been subdued, although the prices of some keycommodities have increased recently. Longer-term inflation expectations haveremained stable.

      

      Purchasingadditional MBS: Tosupport a stronger economic recovery and to help ensure that inflation, overtime, is at the rate most consistent with its dual mandate, the Committeeagreed today to increase policy accommodation by purchasing additional agencymortgage-backed securities at a pace of $40 billion per month.

      备注提示

      里奇蒙德联储主席莱克反对进一步购买资产和延长低利率承诺。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2012/8/1

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2014年末维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:美国经济复苏在今年上半年逐渐失去动能,就业增长近几个月放缓,失业率仍然高企。家庭支出的扩张步伐较今年早些时候有所放缓,而设备和软件的商业投资继续实现扩张。与此同时,尽管出现改善,但房产市场依然疲惫不堪。

      

      通货膨胀:近几个月通胀有所下滑,主要原因是原油(92.96,0.80,0.87%)和汽油价格回落,同时较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      延长卖短债、买长债的扭转操作:委员会决定维持目前的“卖短债买长债”的扭转操作,至2012年末进一步购买约2,670亿美元6年期至30期国债,并在同期出售相同规模的三年期或更短期国债的计划,同时维持将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in June suggests that economic activity decelerated somewhat over thefirst half of this year. Growth in employment has been slow in recent months,and the unemployment rate remains elevated. Business fixed investment hascontinued to advance. Household spending has been rising at a somewhat slowerpace than earlier in the year. Despite some further signs of improvement, thehousing sector remains depressed.

      

      Inflation: Inflation has declined, mainly reflecting lower prices ofcrude oil and gasoline, and longer-term inflation expectations have remainedstable.

      

      Continueexpanding the average maturity of the holdings of securities: The Committee also decided to continue throughthe end of the year its program to extend the average maturity of itsholdings of securities as announced in June, and it is maintaining itsexisting policy of reinvesting principal payments from its holdings of agencydebt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backedsecurities.

      备注提示

      里奇蒙德联储主席莱克倾向于去掉维持异常低利率的时间期限。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2012/6/20

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2014年末维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:美国经济继续呈现出稳步扩张之势,但经济数据显示就业增长近几个月放缓,失业率仍然高企。家庭支出的扩张步伐较今年早些时候有所放缓,而设备和软件的商业投资继续实现扩张。与此同时,尽管出现改善,但房产市场依然疲惫不堪。

      

      通货膨胀:近几个月通胀有所下滑,主要原因是原油和汽油价格回落,同时较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      延长卖短债、买长债的扭转操作:委员会决定延长目前推行的“卖短债买长债”的扭转操作,至2012年末进一步购买约2,670亿美元6年期至30期国债,并在同期出售相同规模的三年期或更短期国债的计划,同时维持将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in April suggests that the economy has been expanding moderately thisyear. However, growth in employment has slowed in recent months, and theunemployment rate remains elevated. Business fixed investment has continuedto advance. Household spending appears to be rising at a somewhat slower pacethan earlier in the year. Despite some signs of improvement, the housingsector remains depressed.

      

      Inflation: Inflation has declined, mainly reflecting lower prices ofcrude oil and gasoline, and longer-term inflation expectations have remainedstable.

      

      Continueexpanding the average maturity of the holdings of securities: The Committee also decided to continuethrough the end of the year its program to extend the average maturity of itsholdings of securities. Specifically, the Committee intends to purchaseTreasury securities with remaining maturities of 6 years to 30 years at thecurrent pace and to sell or redeem an equal amount of Treasury securitieswith remaining maturities of approximately 3 years or less.

      备注提示

      里奇蒙德联储主席莱克反对延长当前的扭转操作。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2012/4/25

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2014年末维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:近几个月的经济数据显示出美国劳工市场总体状况有所改善,失业率出现了明显下滑但总体而言依然处于高位。近几个月来家庭支出、设备和软件的商业投资继续实现扩张。与此同时,尽管出现改善,但房产市场依然疲惫不堪。

      

      通货膨胀:近几个月通胀有所上升,主要原因是原因和汽油价格上涨,但较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      维持卖短债、买长债的扭转操作:委员会决定维持在2012年6月底前购买4,000亿美元6年期至30期国债,并在同期出售相同规模的三年期或更短期国债的计划,同时维持将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in March suggests that the economy has been expanding moderately. Labormarket conditions have improved in recent months; the unemployment rate has declinedbut remains elevated. Household spending and business fixed investment havecontinued to advance. Despite some signs of improvement, the housing sectorremains depressed.

      

      Inflation: Inflation has picked up somewhat, mainly reflecting higherprices of crude oil and gasoline. However, longer-term inflation expectationshave remained stable.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To support a stronger economic recovery and to help ensurethat inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with the dual mandate, theCommittee decided today to continue its program to extend the averagematurity of its holdings of securities as announced in September. TheCommittee is

      maintainingits existing policies of reinvesting principal payments from its holdings ofagency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backedsecurities and of rolling over maturing Treasury securities at auction.

      备注提示

      里奇蒙德联储主席莱克认为经济状况可能无法为维持异常低利率直至2014年底提供依据。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2012/3/13

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2014年末维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:美国经济继续呈现出稳步扩张之势。近期的经济数据显示出美国劳工市场总体状况有所改善,失业率出现了明显下滑但总体而言依然处于高位。近几个月来家庭支出、设备和软件的商业投资继续实现扩张。与此同时,房产市场依然疲惫不堪。

      

      通货膨胀:通胀形势近几个月继续缓和,尽管国际原油及国内汽油价格走高,较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      维持卖短债、买长债的扭转操作:委员会决定维持在2012年6月底前购买4,000亿美元6年期至30期国债,并在同期出售相同规模的三年期或更短期国债的计划,同时维持将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in January suggests that the economy has been expanding moderately. Labormarket conditions have improved further;the unemployment rate hasdeclined notably in recent months but remains elevated. Household spendingand business fixed investment have continued to advance. The housing sectorremains depressed.

      

      Inflation: Inflation has been subdued in recent months, although pricesof crude oil and gasoline have increased lately. Longer-term inflationexpectations have remained stable.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To support a stronger economic recovery and to help ensurethat inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with the dual mandate, theCommittee decided today to continue its program to extend the averagematurity of its holdings of securities as announced in September. TheCommittee is

      maintainingits existing policies of reinvesting principal payments from its holdings ofagency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backedsecurities and of rolling over maturing Treasury securities at auction.

      备注提示

      里奇蒙德联储主席莱克认为不需要维持异常低利率直至2014年末。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2012/1/25

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2014年末维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:美国经济继续呈现出稳步扩张之势,尽管同期全球经济增长明显放缓。近期的经济数据显示出美国整体劳动力总体状况有所改善,但失业率仍居高不下。近几个月来家庭支出以相对较快的速度持续增长,而设备和软件的商业投资继续的扩张速度稍有放缓。此外,通胀形势自年内早些时候已经缓和,较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      

      通货膨胀:通胀形势已经缓和,因能源和部分商品价格已经从稍早的高位回落,较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      维持卖短债、买长债的扭转操作:委员会决定维持在2012年6月底前购买4,000亿美元6年期至30期国债,并在同期出售相同规模的三年期或更短期国债的计划,同时维持将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in December suggests that the economy has been expanding moderately,notwithstanding some slowing in global growth. While indicators point to somefurther improvement in overall labor market conditions, the unemployment rateremains elevated. Household spending has continued to advance, but growth inbusiness fixed investment has slowed, and the housing sector remainsdepressed.

      

      Inflation: Inflation has been subdued in recent months, and longer-terminflation expectations have remained stable.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To support a stronger economic recovery and to help ensurethat inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with the dual mandate, theCommittee decided today to continue its program to extend the averagematurity of its holdings of securities as announced in September. TheCommittee is

      maintainingits existing policies of reinvesting principal payments from its holdings ofagency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backedsecurities and of rolling over maturing Treasury securities at auction.

      备注提示

      里奇蒙德联储主席莱克倾向于忽略维持近零利率政策的时间框架。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2011/12/13

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2013年中维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:美国经济继续呈现出稳步扩张之势,尽管同期全球经济增长明显放缓。近期的经济数据显示出美国整体劳动力总体状况有所改善,但失业率仍居高不下。近几个月来家庭支出以相对较快的速度持续增长,而设备和软件的商业投资继续的扩张速度稍有放缓。此外,通胀形势自年内早些时候已经缓和,因能源和部分商品价格已经从稍早的高位回落,较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      

      通货膨胀:通胀形势已经缓和,因能源和部分商品价格已经从稍早的高位回落,较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      维持卖短债、买长债的扭转操作:委员会决定维持在2012年6月底前购买4,000亿美元6年期至30期国债,并在同期出售相同规模的三年期或更短期国债的计划,同时维持将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in November suggests that the economy has been expanding moderately,notwithstanding some apparent slowing in global growth. While indicatorspoint to some improvement in overall labor market conditions, theunemployment rate remains elevated. Household spending has continued toadvance, but business fixed investment appears to be increasing less rapidlyand the housing sector remains depressed.

      

      Inflation: Inflation appears to have moderated since earlier in the yearas prices of energy and some commodities have declined from their peaks.Longer-term inflation expectations have remained stable.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To support a stronger economic recovery and to help ensurethat inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with the dual mandate, theCommittee decided today to continue its program to extend the averagematurity of its holdings of securities as announced in September. TheCommittee is

      maintainingits existing policies of reinvesting principal payments from its holdings ofagency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backedsecurities and of rolling over maturing Treasury securities at auction.

      备注提示

      芝加哥联储主席埃文斯支持目前进一步实施宽松货币政策。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2011/11/02

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2013年中维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:美国经济复苏步伐在第三季度有所加快,显示出之前对美国经济构成打压的一些暂时性因素的影响开始消退甚至逆转。不过,近期的经济数据显示出美国整体劳动力市场保持疲弱态势,失业率则依旧居高不下。近几个月来家庭支出以相对较快的速度增长,设备和软件的商业投资继续有所扩张。但与此同时,非住宅类建筑的投资仍旧疲软,房产市场则继续承压。

      

      通货膨胀:通胀形势已经缓和,因能源和部分商品价格已经从稍早的高位回落,较长期通胀预期则保持稳定。

      维持卖短债、买长债的扭转操作:委员会决定维持在2012年6月底前购买4,000亿美元6年期至30期国债,并在同期出售相同规模的三年期或更短期国债的计划,同时维持将抵押贷款支持债券到期本金再投资到MBS,以及到期国债回笼资金再投资的现有政策。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in September indicates that economic growth strengthened somewhat in thethird quarter, reflecting in part a reversal of the temporary factors thathad weighed on growth earlier in the year. Nonetheless, recent indicatorspoint to continuing weakness in overall labor market conditions, and theunemployment rate remains elevated. Household spending has increased at asomewhat faster pace in recent month. Business investment in equipment andsoftware has continued to expand, but investment in nonresidential structuresis still weak, and the housing sector remains depressed..

      

      Inflation: Inflation appears to have moderated since earlier in the yearas prices of energy and some commodities have declined from their peaks.Longer-term inflation expectations have remained stable.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To support a stronger economic recovery and to help ensurethat inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with the dual mandate, theCommittee decided today to continue its program to extend the averagematurity of its holdings of securities as announced in September. TheCommittee is

      maintainingits existing policies of reinvesting principal payments from its holdings ofagency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backedsecurities and of rolling over maturing Treasury securities at auction.

      备注提示

      芝加哥联储主席埃文斯支持目前进一步实施宽松货币政策。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2011/09/21

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2013年中维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:根据美联储公开市场委员会8月会议后获得的信息,美国经济复苏形势继续保持缓慢步幅。近期的经济数据显示出美国整体劳动力市场保持疲弱态势,失业率则依旧居高不下。近几个月来家庭支出仅以温和的速度增长,尽管汽车销售在供应链中断的压力缓解后有所回升。与此同时,非住宅类建筑的投资仍旧疲软,房产市场则继续承压。但是,设备和软件的商业投资有所扩张。

      

      通货膨胀:通胀在今年稍早回升,主要反映出部分进口商品价格上涨以及供应链受扰。最近一段时间,通胀已经缓和,因能源和部分商品价格已经从稍早的高位回落。此外,较长期通胀预期保持稳定。

      推出卖短债、买长债的扭转操作:为促进经济更强劲复苏,并帮助确保通胀随着时间的进展达至符合目标水准,委员会决定将在2012年6月底前购买4,000亿美元6年期至30期国债,并将在同期出售相同规模的三年期或更短期的国债。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in August indicates that economic growth remains slow. Recent indicatorspoint to continuing weakness in overall labor market conditions, and theunemployment rate remains elevated.Household spending has beenincreasing at only a modest pace in recent months despite some recovery insales of motor vehicles as supply-chain disruptions eased. Investment innonresidential structures is still weak, and the housing sector remainsdepressed.However, business investment in equipment and softwarecontinues to expand.

      

      Inflation: Inflation appears to have moderated since earlier in the yearas prices of energy and some commodities have declined from their peaks.Longer-term inflation expectations have remained stable..

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To support a stronger economic recovery and to help ensurethat inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with the dual mandate, theCommittee decided today to extend the average maturity of its holdings ofsecurities. The Committee intends to purchase by the end of June 2012, $400billion of Treasury securities with remaining maturities of three years orless.

      备注提示

      费舍尔、柯薛拉柯塔、普罗索表示不支持采取更多宽松货币政策

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2011/08/09

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,联邦基金利率将在至少至2013年中维持于近零水准。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:根据美联储公开市场委员会6月会议后获得的信息,美国经济复苏较之前委员会预期的显著放慢。与此同时,整体就业市场的表现也不及预期。经济指标暗示就业市场复苏近几个月出现停滞,失业率也有所上扬。家庭支出非住宅类建筑的投资仍旧疲软,房产市场继续承压。

      

      通货膨胀:通胀在今年稍早回升,主要反映出部分进口商品价格上涨以及供应链受扰。最近一段时间,通胀已经缓和,因能源和部分商品价格已经从稍早的高位回落。此外,较长期通胀预期保持稳定。

      维持到期证券回笼资金再投资的政策:委员会将维持现有的对到期证券回笼资金再投资的政策。委员会将定期检讨所持证券的规模和组成,准备在适当的时候作出调整。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy:Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in June indicates that economic growth so far this year has beenconsiderably slower than the Committee had expected.Also, recent labormarket indicators have been weaker than anticipated.Indicators suggesta deterioration overall in labor market conditions in recent months, and theunemployment rate has moved up. Household spending has flattened out,investment in nonresidential structures is still weak, and the housing sectorremains depressed.

      Inflation: Inflation picked up earlier in the year, mainly reflectinghigher prices for some commodities of imported goods, as well as the supplychain disruptions. More recently, inflation has moderated as prices of energyand some commodities have declined from their earlier peaks. Longer-terminflation expectations have remained stable.

      Maintainreinvesting principal payments from securities: The Committee also will maintain its existing policy ofreinvesting principal payments from its securities holdings. The Committeewill regularly review the size and composition of its securities holdings andis prepared to adjust those holdings as appropriate.

      备注提示

      费舍尔、柯薛拉柯塔、普罗索倾向于保留“一段长时间”措辞。

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2011/06/22

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,并将维持在2011年第二季度前进一步购买6000亿美元较长期美国国债的计划。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:根据美联储公开市场委员会4月会议后获得的信息,美国经济复苏正以温和的步伐前行,尽管步伐略小于委员会预期。与此同时,整体就业市场的表现也不及预期。不过,随着日本灾变事件对供应链的冲击以及食品及能源价格强势上扬对消费者购买力和支出造成的影响逐渐消退,委员会预计整体复苏步伐的迟滞现象将是暂时的。家庭支出以及设备和软件的商业投资继续增长。然而,非住宅类建筑的投资仍旧疲软,房产市场继续承压。

      

      通货膨胀:尽管通胀近期有所上升,但委员会预计随着能源和其他商品价格升势消退,通胀将放缓至符合或低於委员会的双目标水准。委员会将密切关注通胀和通胀预期的发展。

      维持增加证券持仓规模的计划:为促进经济更强劲复苏,并帮助确保通胀随着时间的进展达至符合目标水准,委员会在本次会议中决定维持现有的对到期证券回笼资金再投资的政策,以及将在2011年第二季结束前完成购买6,000亿美元较长期美国国债。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in April indicates that the economic recovery is continuing at a moderatepace, though somewhat more slowly than the Committee had expected. Also,recent labor market indicators have been weaker than anticipated. The slowerpace of the recovery reflects in part factors that are likely to betemporary, including the damping effect of higher food and energy prices onconsumer purchasing power and spending as well as supply chain disruptionsassociated with the tragic events in Japan.Household spending andbusiness investment in equipment and software continue to expand.However, investment in nonresidential structures is still weak, and thehousing sector continues to be depressed.

      

      Inflation: Inflation has moved up recently, but the Committee anticipatesthat inflation will subside to levels at or below those consistent with theCommittee's dual mandate as the effects of past energy and other commodityprice increases dissipate. However, the Committee will continue to pay closeattention to the evolution of inflation and inflation expectations.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To promote the ongoing economic recovery and to help ensurethat inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with its mandate, theCommittee decided today to keep the target range for the federal funds rateat 0 to 1/4 percent.

      备注提示

      美联储公开市场委员会委员以全票通过本次利率决议

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2011/04/27

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,并将维持在2011年第二季度前进一步购买6000亿美元较长期美国国债的计划。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:根据美联储公开市场委员会3月会议后获得的信息,美国经济复苏正以温和的步伐进展,总体就业市场正在逐步改善。家庭支出以及设备和软件的商业投资继续增长。然而,非住宅类建筑的投资仍旧疲软,房产市场继续承压。

      

      通货膨胀:自夏季以来,商品价格已经大幅增长。与此同时,市场对全球原油供应的担忧导致3月会议后油价进一步走强,但较长期通胀预期已保持稳定,基本通胀迟滞。

      维持增加证券持仓规模的计划:为促进经济更强劲复苏,并帮助确保通胀随着时间的进展达致符合目标水准,委员会在本次会议中决定一如11月声明中宣布的继续增持证券仓位。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy:Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in March indicates that the economic recovery is proceeding at a moderatepace and overall conditions in the labor market are improving gradually.Household spending and business investment in equipment and software continueto expand.

      

      Inflation: Commodity prices have risen significantly since last summer,and concerns about global supplies of crude oil have contributed to a furtherincrease in oil prices since the Committee met in March. Inflation has pickedup in recent months, but longer-term inflation expectations have remainedstable, and measures of underlying inflation are still subdued. .

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To promote a stronger pace of economic recovery and to helpensure that inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with its mandate,the Committee decided today to continue expanding its holdings of securitiesas announced in November.

      备注提示

      美联储公开市场委员会委员以全票通过本次利率决议

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2011/03/15

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,并将维持在2011年第二季度前进一步购买6000亿美元较长期美国国债的计划。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:根据美联储公开市场委员会1月会议后获得的信息,经济复苏的根基更为稳固,总体劳动力市场正逐步改善。家庭支出以及设备和软件的商业投资继续增长。然而,非住宅类建筑的投资仍旧疲软,房产市场继续承压。

      

      通货膨胀:自夏季以来,商品价格已经大幅增长,同时最近几周,市场对于全球原油供应的担忧也已令油价大幅飙升。但是,长期通胀预期仍旧维持稳定,基本通胀依然受限。

      维持增加证券持仓规模的计划:为促进经济更为强劲地复苏,并帮助确保通胀随着时间的发展达到符合目标的水平,委员会决定继续实施11月宣布的计划,即扩大证券持仓规模。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in January suggests that the economic recovery is on a firmer footing,and overall conditions in the labor market appear to be improving gradually.Household spending and business investment in equipment and software continueto expand. However, investment in nonresidential structures is still weak,and the housing sector continues to be depressed.

      

      Inflation: Commodity prices have risen significantly since the summer,and concerns about global supplies of crude oil have contributed to a sharprun-up in oil prices in recent weeks. Nonetheless, longer-term inflationexpectations have remained stable, and measures of underlying inflation havebeen subdued.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To promote a stronger pace of economic recovery and to helpensure that inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with its mandate,the Committee decided today to continue expanding

      itsholdings of securities as announced in November.

      备注提示

      美联储公开市场委员会委员以全票通过本次利率决议

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2011/01/26

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,并将维持在2011年第二季度前进一步购买6000亿美元较长期美国国债的计划。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现: 根据12月FOMC会议以后获得的信息,美联储进一步确认了美国经济复苏正在持续,但是经济增速不足以大幅改善劳动力市场环境。去年年底家庭支出获得了改善,但是仍旧因失业率高企、收入增长温和、家庭财富缩水以及信贷紧缩而受到限制。设备及软件的商业支出正在增加,但是非住宅建筑的投资仍旧疲软。同时雇主仍旧不愿意增加雇员。房产市场继续低迷。

      

      通货膨胀:尽管商品价格已经走高,较长期的通胀预期仍旧维稳,基本通胀水平已经趋于下行。

      

      维持增加证券持仓规模的计划:为了促进经济以更为强劲的步伐复苏,并帮助通胀随着时间的推移达到符合目标的水平,委员会决定将继续实施去年11月宣布的扩大持有证券规模的计划。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received since the Federal Open Market Committeemet in December confirms that the economic recovery is continuing, though ata rate that has been insufficient to bring about a significant improvement inlabor market conditions. Growth in household spending picked up late lastyear, but remains constrained by high unemployment, modest income growth,lower housing wealth, and tight credit. Business spending on equipment andsoftware is rising, while investment in nonresidential structures is stillweak. Employers remain reluctant to add to payrolls. The housing sectorcontinues to be depressed.

      

      Inflation: Although commodity prices have risen, longer-term inflationexpectations have remained stable, and measures of underlying inflation havebeen trending downward.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: To promote a stronger pace of economic recovery and to helpensure that inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with its mandate,the Committee decided today to continue expanding its holdings of securitiesas announced in November.

      备注提示

      美联储公开市场委员会委员以全票通过本次利率决议

      发布日期(美国时间)

      2010/12/14

      利率动向

      维持联邦基金基准利率在0-0.25%不变,并将维持在2011年第二季度前进一步购买6000亿美元较长期美国国债的计划。

      会后声明重点

      总体经济表现:11月会议后FOMC获得的信息确认了经济复苏正在持续的观点,但是复苏步伐尚不足以降低失业率。居民支出正在以温和的步伐增长,但是仍旧受到高失业率、收入增长温和、家庭财富减少以及信贷收紧的限制。设备及软件的支出正在增加,但是增速较年初缓慢,非居住型建筑的投资仍旧疲软。雇主仍不愿意增加雇员,房产市场继续萧条。

      通货膨胀:长期通胀预期已经持稳,但是基础通胀继续趋于下行。

      维持增加证券持仓规模的计划:为了促进经济复苏更为强劲并帮助确保长期通胀水平与美联储的职责目标相一致,FOMC决定继续实施11月宣布的扩大持有债券规模的计划,并将维持现有的将抵押贷款支持证券(MBS)到期后回笼资金进行再投资的政策。在这个基础上,委员会将在2011年第二季结束前进一步购买6,000亿美元较长期美国国债,每月购入约750亿美元。委员会将定期检视证券购买的进度和购买计划的整体规模,根据新的信息在需要时作出调整,从而最好地达到就业最大化和物价稳定的目标。

      会后声明重点(英文)

      Economy: Information received sincethe Federal Open Market Committee met in November confirms that the economicrecovery is continuing, though at a rate that has been insufficient to bringdown unemployment. Household spending is increasing at a moderate pace, butremains constrained by high unemployment,

      modest income growth, lower housing wealth, and tight credit.Business spending on equipment and software is rising, though less rapidlythan earlier in the year, while investment in nonresidential structures continuesto be weak. Employers

      remain reluctant to add to payrolls. The housing sectorcontinues to be depressed.

      Inflation: Longer-term inflationexpectations have remained stable, but measures of underlying inflation havecontinued to trend downward.

      

      Continueexpanding the holdings of securities: Topromote a stronger pace of economic recovery and to help ensure thatinflation, over time, is at levels consistent with its mandate, the Committeedecided today to continue expanding

      itsholdings of securities as announced in November. The Committee will maintainits existing policy of reinvesting principal payments from its securitiesholdings. In addition, the Committee inten